Recommended Articles in Journal of Refractive Surgery
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Three-Step Treatment of Keratoconus and Post-LASIK Ectasia: Implantation of ICRS, Corneal Cross-linking, and Implantation of Toric Posterior Chamber Phakic IOLs
The combined use of ICRS, CXL, and ICL implantation significantly improves visual acuity, higher order aberrations, and corneal shape in moderate and severe keratoconus and post-LASIK ectasia.
An Alternative Wavefront Reconstruction Method for Human Eyes
Some of the inherent limitations of the Zernike polynomials in clinical ophthalmic applications can be solved by a novel set of polynomials forming an alternative higher order basis. The new basis provides a clear separation between modes containing lower order terms versus higher order terms and offers clinicians a more clinically realistic wavefront analysis.
Epithelium Zernike Indices and Artificial Intelligence Can Differentiate Epithelial Remodeling Between Flap and Flapless Refractive Procedures
The epithelial Zernike indices were significantly better in identifying surgery-specific three-dimensional remodeling of the thickness compared to local measurements of epithelial thickness. Further, the changes in Zernike indices were independent of the magnitude of refractive error but not the type of surgery.
Long-term Outcomes After LASIK Using a Hybrid Bi-aspheric Micro-monovision Ablation Profile for Presbyopia Correction
Presbyopic treatment using a hybrid bi-aspheric micro-monovision ablation profile is safe and efficacious even after 6 years postoperatively. The postoperative outcomes indicate improvements in binocular vision at far, intermediate, and near distances. An 8% re-treatment rate should be considered to increase satisfaction levels, including a 3% reversal rate.
Influence of Cap Thickness on Corneal Curvature and Corneal Biomechanics After SMILE: A Prospective, Contralateral Eye Study
A thicker corneal cap caused less change in anterior surface curvature after SMILE for moderate or low myopia, with no significant difference in UDVA and MRSE.
Similar Biomechanical Cross-linking Effect After SMILE and PRK in Human Corneas in an Ex Vivo Model for Postoperative Ectasia
Under similar conditions, both experimental groups (PRK followed by CXL and SMILE followed by CXL) were characterized by similar biomechanical stability as measured experimentally on ex vivo human fellow corneas. The data suggest that, in the event of postoperative ectasia, the biomechanical improvement achieved by CXL may be similar after PRK and SMILE.
Transepithelial Surface Ablation With Mitomycin C for the Treatment of Chronic Central Corneal Scars Following Adenoviral Keratoconjunctivitis
Corneal surface ablation with MMC 0.02% was efficient in treating corneal scars following adenoviral epidemic keratoconjunctivitis, with greater visual improvement in comparison to clinical treatment and a decreased rate of infiltrate recurrence.
Re-Treatment in LASIK: To Flap Lift or Perform Surface Ablation
There has been a trend toward treating residual LASIK refractive error through surface ablation. This review suggests that flap lift may result in a more accurate refractive outcome, albeit with an expected greater risk of epithelial ingrowth.
Visual Performance of a Small-Aperture Intraocular Lens: First Comparison of Results After Contralateral and Bilateral Implantation
Results demonstrate that both contralateral and bilateral implantation of an IC-8 IOL provide excellent visual acuity across all distances. Bilateral implantation can be successful based on careful patient selection and optimization of refractive targets.
Predictors of Visual Acuity Improvement and Supernormal Vision After Refined Single-Step Transepithelial Photorefractive Keratectomy
Through statistical modeling, preoperative CDVA, mesopic contrast sensitivity, coma HOA, and simulated keratometry were found to be the main factors that predicted improvement of both postoperative CDVA and UDVA compared to preoperative CDVA. Furthermore, mesopic contrast sensitivity, coma HOA, and high laser fluence were the common predictors of achieving both CDVA and UDVA supernormal vision 1 year after refined single-step TransPRK.
Neuroprotective Effect of Citicoline Eye Drops on Corneal Sensitivity After LASIK
Topically administered citicoline eye drops had beneficial effects in the early recovery of corneal sensitivity during the first 6 weeks after LASIK, suggesting that citicoline may play a significant role in accelerating corneal reinnervation.
Pharmacological Strategies for Presbyopia Correction
Although it is possible that, in the future, pharmacological drops may offer a safe and reliable solution for presbyopia correction, more evidence of their effectiveness and limitations is required.
Effect of Anterior Corneal Higher-Order Aberration Ablation Depth on Primary Topography-Guided LASIK Outcomes
The contribution of topography-guided HOA-AD to clinical outcomes in most virgin eyes is negligible, with excellent efficacy, accuracy, and safety in both the deep and shallow ablation groups. Eyes with deep HOA-AD greater than 15 µm trend to lesser outcomes, but should not be excluded from topography-guided surgery.
SMILE, Topography-Guided LASIK, and Wavefront-Guided LASIK: Review of Clinical Outcomes in Premarket Approval FDA Studies
All three procedures demonstrated excellent outcomes, considering differences in attempted correction between studies. No obvious superiority of one technique over the others was found in astigmatic correction.
Complications and Explantation Reasons in Intracorneal Ring Segments (ICRS) Implantation: A Systematic Review
The complication rate and explantation ratio in segments of the intracorneal ring segments analyzed in the available scientific literature are minimal. Therefore, patient selection, surgery planning, and postoperative follow-up are critical to the success of surgery.
Depth-Dependent Reduction of Biomechanical Efficacy of Contact Lens–Assisted Corneal Cross-linking Analyzed by Brillouin Microscopy
Both CACXL and standard protocol CXL induced significant corneal stiffening primarily concentrated in the anterior cornea. CACXL leads to less stiffening compared with CXL. An attenuated but continuous stiffening effect can be observed through the whole cornea for both CACXL and CXL, although CACXL has a smaller stiffness gradient.
Comparison of FDA-Reported Visual and Refractive Outcomes of the Toric ICL Lens, SMILE, and Topography-Guided LASIK for the Correction of Myopia and Myopic Astigmatism
All three platforms analyzed in this study had excellent efficacy, safety, stability, and accuracy. Stratified analysis revealed that SMILE may be comparable to Toric ICL for patients with high myopia or myopic astigmatism, and SMILE may have a longer visual recovery compared to TG-LASIK than previously indicated.
10-Year Results of Small Incision Lenticule Extraction
This 10-year long-term study demonstrates SMILE to be an effective, stable, and safe procedure for the treatment of myopia and myopic astigmatism.
Long-term Comparison of Combined t-PTK and CXL (Cretan Protocol) Versus CXL With Mechanical Epithelial Debridement for Keratoconus
Epithelial removal with t-PTK during CXL (Cretan protocol) resulted in better visual, refractive, and keratometric outcomes compared with mechanical epithelial debridement over a long-term follow-up.
Intracorneal Ring Segments Implantation Outcomes Using Two Different Manufacturers' Nomograms for Keratoconus Surgery
Both manufacturers' nomograms resulted in statistically significant improvement in most of the parameters analyzed, with greater correction of corneal tomographic astigmatism in the group operated on according to the spherical equivalent/tomographic astigmatism nomogram.
Functional Outcomes and Reading Performance After Combined Implantation of a Small-Aperture Lens and a Segmental Refractive Bifocal Lens
The new concept of a combined implantation of a small-aperture IOL and a segmental-refractive bifocal lens showed good results in far and intermediate distances and functional results at near distance, while causing minimal photic phenomena.
Individually Customized IOL Versus Standard Spherical Aberration-Correcting IOL
With the implantation of an individually optimized aspheric IOL visual performance, especially contrast sensitivity, can be significantly improved compared to a standard aberration-correcting IOL.
Repeatability of Cornea and Sublayer Thickness Measurements Using Optical Coherence Tomography in Corneas of Anomalous Refractive Status
RTVue-XR SD-OCT showed excellent repeatability when generating the pachymetric map in myopic eyes. Measurements, especially for epithelial thickness, were relatively more variable for corneas with keratoconus and those having undergone keratorefractive surgery.
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